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The life of Xi Jinping, China’s authoritarian leader who is fighting Trump in the trade war, and presides over the mass oppression of the Uighur Muslim minority

While his origins are not exactly humble, Chinese President Xi Jinping learned to survive and thrive in China's brutal political landscape the hard way.

Xi's father was a Chinese Civil War veteran who eventually served as vice chairman under Chairman Mao. The elder Xi would later be purged from the party as part of Mao's Cultural Revolution.

He was ripped away from his privileged upbringing and sent to the countryside as a “sent-down youth.”

From there, Xi rose through the ranks of China's Communist Party, becoming its overall leader in 2013. Since then he has seen China grow ever more central to world politics — and earned a harsh reputation in the process.

Take a look at the life and rise of Xi Jinping here:

Ben Brimelow contributed to a previous version of this article.